May 17, 2013
or, A most learned oration disburthened from Henry VValker, a most judicious … iron monger : a late pamphleteere and now, too late or too soone, a double diligent preacher : as it might be delivered in Hatcham barne the thirtieth day of March last. Taken in short writing by Thorny Ailo ; and now printed in words at length and not in figures. Printed in London 1642.
Henry Walker started as an ironmonger in London and gradually moved into writing and selling books from the City. He was also known as a charismatic, though not necessarily learned preacher. Interesting to note that this lecture was taken down in shorthand and then translated into print for publication. Some of the most popular sermons were reprinted in the 1640s particularly, though it was a required skill to pay attention and remember the sermon you had attended, every much as it was for the sermon giver to deliver from memory.
In the top image from the pamphlet we see a group of respectable citizens paying close attention to Henry in his tub. Henry wears a preaching gown and falling band, whilst his flock are tidily dressed in doublet, breeches and fine linen. The ladies in petticoat, apron and kerchief. All apart from the preacher are wearing hats, though it was thought that it was best by those of an independant persuasion to uncover to hear the word delivered. In the lower pane two gents are seen abroad in cloaks and carrying staffs. Perhaps they are pilgrims, or maybe a scene from the parable of Tobias and Gabriel he relates in the sermon.
If you want to learn more about Henry Walker, the best place to look in is Nick Poyntz’s blog Mercurius Politicus.
February 8, 2013
A long poem by Francis Quarles published after his death in 1645. Quarles was a moderate royalist sympathiser and the poem bears this out. There is some lampooning of Archbishop Laud, but also a defence of church government by the bishops and a denunciation of non-conformist clergy. This is the frontispiece and the picture also represents Quarles’ political views. The King defends the tree of religion whilst a cleric waters the roots. On the other side and in the branches however the tree is subject to a variety of attacks. A catholic priest debarks the tree, a tub thumping preacher fires a musket at it, whilst holding a canterbury cap and the liturgy on a pike’s end. Several workmen are chopping at root and branch.
This guy in the branches is definitely dressed as a worker. Short tabbed doublet, breeches and shoes with large openings in the sides. It’s thought that the large side opening made them more width adjustable and may have been made in bulk for the armies.
This chap is a mechanic preacher in a tub. He’s a tradesman, not a trained cleric as he’s wearing an apron over his doublet. Spot the ties keeping his breeches tight to his legs. He’s also a brave man firing a gun over his head. I trust his pan cover fits snugly.
And another group of workmen. Chap at the front looks to have had his shoes resoled. Make do and mend.
January 3, 2013
Page four’s images move on to the Protestation Oath and the return from prison of the staunch Independants Burton, Bastwick and Prynne. First the Protestation Act of 1640 required that everyone take an oath of allegiance to the King. Every clergyman in the land was to read the Protestation and have his parishioners sign the oath. Here is a typical cleric in preaching gown, black cap and ruff, whilst his parishioners are in a selection of sleeved coats and collared cloaks. No boots on show though and all bareheaded, indicating they are good episcopalians. Generally, only the independents wore headgear at service.
The second picture shows the three independents who were imprisoned and pilloried for their anti-establishment beliefs after they were released by the Long Parliament. Similar selection of coats (spot the turnback cuffs) and cloaks being worn. Note also the rear marker wearing a ruff.
January 30, 2012
The royalist minister etched in 1658 for a posthumous collection of sermons. Hewitt was chaplain to Earl Lindsey, colonel of the King’s Guard of Foot and preached throughout the war in Oxford, being made Doctor of Divinity by the King for his prowess. He was beheaded in 1658 for his part in covert royalist activities and was a prominent member of the Sealed Knot. John wears a cap and gown, his preaching clothes over a shirt and doublet.
January 2, 2012
A big hero of mine. Parliamentarian cleric who fought in the war and preached some of the most quotable sermons. His last sermon to his regiment was given in 1646 by which time he had reached the rank of major.